Yhyakh Tuymaada – 2006
Yhyakh is a traditional holiday which sings the beginning of a new year, harmony of a human with nature with aspiration to the future. People’s dreams about peace, kindness and harmony are revealed at their most at Yhyakh. These good traditions are passed from generation to generation.
This is the ninth time Yhyakh Tuymaada has been held in the place called Yus Khatyn. It became an event of social, political and cultural significance in the republic.
The main aims of this holiday are to reveal an image of Olonkho as a masterpiece of oral and intangible heritage of mankind, to glorify the human and their spiritual, tolerant, kind, merciful, sound, family and defending qualities.
1. The philosophy of Olonkho
Olonkho as an ethnic ideal of the Yakuts possesses ancient traditions of the nation. The epic creative activity of Yakut Olonkho performers has always expressed such values common to all mankind as: humanism, victory of good over evil, beauty, family harmony, continuity of human existence and life, love to children and care about the old.
According to Olonkho traditions, the ultimate summit of tremendous events and hero deeds is the hero’s wedding. On the analogy of happy endings of Olonkho it is proposed to pay close attention to young families.
2. Olonkho – as the essence of the national holiday Yhyakh Tuymaada – 2006.
Olonkho as the essence of the holiday Yhyakh Tuymaada – 2006
Olonkho as the essence of the holiday Yhyakh Tuymaada should become the center of the national holiday, the object of people’s worship.
Olonkho unites people of Aiyy, who live in the Middle World, despite their ethnic and tribal origin. Yhyakh first of all symbolizes variety of cultures in the multinational republic, people’s come back to their national background and translation of historic memory. Besides, considering the fact that epos (Yakut Olonkho, Evenk Nimngakan, Kirgyz Manas, Buryat Gaser and so on) is the uniting basis of the Turk-Mongol world, the invitation of guests, who could integrate their epic tales into Yhyakh becomes obvious. It could help to recreate wholeness of the world, harmony between the human and nature and their creating Beginning.
3. Olonkho – the plot source of the holiday
According to the idea of the holiday, the images of the Yakuts’ traditional mythological world should be the central characters of the national holiday:
1. Yuryun Ayee AarToyon – the creator and protector of every living creator on the Earth.
2. Nyurun Bootur – the hero and the protector of people.
3. Aan Alakhchyn Khotun – the embodiment of the life-asserting force of Good and purification, the main mission is constant care about the Earth and its children.
4. Aiyysyt and Yeyekhsyt – the mankind’s patrons and due to them there is the circle of life and the course of Life in the world.
5. Tuyaaryma Kuo – the image of the female beginning, the Beauty of the world which surrounds the human.
6. Umsuura – the image that connects the people’s world with the world of the daty/ light spirits of Aiyy, the symbol of Hope and Faith.
7. Kyn Jyohogay Aiyy – the image of a horse with wings, one of the main characters of Olonkho, loyal friend and assistant of the Sakha people.
8. Khotoi Aiyy – as the symbol of power.
The main idea of Olonkho is in the course of life, in the symbol of Mother - Aiyysyt and Yeyekhsyt with a child in their hands with the protection of the Man.
4. Olonkho music
Obviously, Olonkho is also a unique epic music, the art of singing, special rhythm and word, which creates not only vivid images of the heroes but a special music space. In this connection more close attention should be paid to music played at Yhyakh. Considering the fact that people’s protectors were always heroes, male singing should prevail in the music of the holiday. For example male choir, Yakut music, khomus (a Yakut traditional Jew's-harp music instrument) playing extracts from national operas, ceremonial songs and so on. The translation of culture samples into different languages is assort of presentation of mankind’s living treasures, that is why it is important to sound different epic texts in the Yakut, Russian, French and other languages of the world.
5. The space organization of Olonkho
Olonkho is the triad of the world, symbolizes the Universe. That is why all holiday actions should be big, cover all the space around, where the starting point of the holiday is the place of Algyschyt (a person who holds the ceremony of traditional blessing) and the Aiyy worshiping ceremony. The symbol of Sky is of great importance as well, with its image embodiments and different cosmological plots connected with solar and moon cults and myths about stars. White birds have always been the symbols of the Upper World in the Yakut epos as images of sacred, pure and divine.
The colors of the holiday should be light and life-asserting (white, green, blue and yellow). This is tyuhyulga, festive architecture, attire and so on.
6. Olonkho and society
The idea of IL is the biggest one in Olonkho. It is just establishment of the world order in all three worlds by means of Supreme Power of creative gods of Aiyy. In this context the main content of the Olonkho Supporting State Program will be revealed.
6.1. Olonkho as the symbol of consolidating beginning should fasten together all administrative and territorial regions of the republic in a single social and cultural space. It is obvious that all 35 regions of the republic should be present at the ceremony of Yhyakh grand opening with their ancient tribal names (khangalastsy, bayagantaitsy, khorintsy, tumaty and so on) including modern heraldic symbols and banners.
6.2. Olonkho states the power of family values Tyoryuttyur tyuhelga. That is why it is necessary to create Tribal family alaas, to give out sites for building houses in a traditional way. It is important to recreate traditions of hospitality and gift-giving.
6.3. The final part of Olonkho is a wedding. Newly wedded couples of 2006 can be a part of a parade with their friends and parents and could be gifted special souvenirs of Yhyakh Tuymaada – Olonkho – 2006. It will help to increase the number of young people of the Yhyakh, its national and mass character. The main disadvantage of modern Yhyakh is the desire to make participants more professional, to invite professional dance groups with prevailing female number.
6.4. At the Yhyakh location places for purification and blessing should be organized. At the beginning of Yhyakh, chorons (wooden cups for horse milk drinking) should be given out for mass communion of the Main Algyschyt’s blessing.
6.5. The forces of good in Olonkho are expressed in care for the weak, old and infirm.
6.6. It is important to run a charity action for definite people. For example live broadcast from the Yhyakh site could be organized so that people could donate money to certain people, sick children for instance. The action could be started from the well-known curators.
6.7. To create a zone of national cuisine, where people could taste and buy food products.
6.8. To create a playground with table games and a special children’s place with puzzles and verbal games.
6.9. To carry on propaganda of traditional costumes at the Yhyakh site, to involve suburbs, Yakutsk municipality and city organizations, to encourage and award the best national costumes of Yhyakh guests.
6.10. To organize a fair of national clothes, utensils and other things common for Yhyakh.
The celebration of Yhyakh Tuymaada – 2006 assists to strengthen friendship, harmony, century long culture of the multinational land and to realize the ideas written down in the RF President’s Speech to the Federal Assembly in the name of the Human, creation and society development.
U.A. Vinokurova – Ph.D. in Social and Economic Sciences
E.N. Romanova – Ph.D in History
V.B. Ignatyeva – Candidate of History Science
Based on the ideas of the Round table held on 15th March, 2006 in Archyy Dgiyete
2006ã. c CNIT YSU,